attributable (adj.) Look up attributable at
1660s, from attribute (v.) + -able.
attribute (v.) Look up attribute at
late 14c., "assign, bestow," from Latin attributus, past participle of attribuere "assign to, add, bestow;" figuratively "to attribute, ascribe, impute," from ad- "to" + tribuere "assign, give, bestow" (see tribute). Related: Attributed; attributing.
attribute (n.) Look up attribute at
"quality ascribed to someone," late 14c., from Latin attributum "anything attributed," noun use of neuter of attributus (see attribute (v.)). Distinguished from the verb by pronunciation.
attributes (n.) Look up attributes at
"qualities belonging to someone or something," c. 1600; see attribute (n.).
attribution (n.) Look up attribution at
late 15c., "action of bestowing or assigning," from Middle French attribution (14c.), from Latin attributionem (nominative attributio) "an assignment, attribution," noun of action from past participle stem of attribuere (see attribute). Meaning "thing attributed" is recorded from 1580s.
attributive (adj.) Look up attributive at
c. 1600, from French attributif, from stem of Latin attributus (see attribute (v.)). As a noun, in grammar, from 1750. Related: Attributively; attributiveness.
attrit (v.) Look up attrit at
1956, U.S. Air Force back-formation from attrition which attained currency during the Vietnam War. (A 17c. attempt at a verb produced attrite). Related: Attrited; attriting.
attrite (adj.) Look up attrite at
"worn down," 1620s, from Latin attritus, past participle of atterere (see attrition).
attrition (n.) Look up attrition at
1540s, "abrasion, a scraping," from Latin attritionem (nominative attritio), literally "a rubbing against," noun of action from past participle stem of atterere "to wear, rub away," figuratively "to destroy, waste," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + terere "to rub" (see throw (v.)). The earliest sense in English is from Scholastic theology (late 14c.), "sorrow for sin merely out of fear of punishment," a minor irritation, and thus less than contrition. The sense of "wearing down of military strength" is a World War I coinage (1914). Figurative use by 1930.
attune (v.) Look up attune at
1590s, from tune (v.), "probably suggested by ATONE" [OED]. Related: Attuned; attuning.
attunement (n.) Look up attunement at
"a bringing into harmony," 1820, from attune + -ment.
ATV (n.) Look up ATV at
acronym of all-terrain vehicle, 1969.
atween (adv.) Look up atween at
c. 1400, from a- (1) + tween.
atwitter (adv.) Look up atwitter at
1833, from a- (1) + twitter.
atypical (adj.) Look up atypical at
1847, from a- (2) "not" + typical. Related: Atypically.
Au Look up Au at
chemical symbol for "gold," from Latin aurum "gold" (see aureate).
au Look up au at
French, "at the, to the," from Old French al, contraction of a le, with -l- softened to -u-, as also poudre from pulverem, chaud from calidus, etc. Used in many expressions in cookery, etc., which have crossed the Channel since 18c., such as au contraire, literally "on the contrary;" au gratin, literally "with scrapings;" au jus, literally "with the juice."
au courant (adj.) Look up au courant at
"aware of current events," 1762, French, literally "with the current" (see current (n.)).
au fait (adj.) Look up au fait at
1743, French, "to the point, to the matter under discussion," literally "to the fact," from fait "fact" (see feat). Used in French with sense of "acquainted with the facts."
au naturel (adj.) Look up au naturel at
1817, French, literally "in the natural state;" originally meaning "uncooked," but used euphemistically for "undressed." See natural (adj.).
au pair (n.) Look up au pair at
1897 of the arrangement, 1960 of the girl; French, literally "on an equal footing" (see pair (n.)).
au revoir Look up au revoir at
1690s, French, literally "to the seeing again." From revoir (12c.), from Latin revidere.
aubade (n.) Look up aubade at
"musical announcement of dawn," from French aubade (15c.), from Provençal aubada, from auba "dawn," from Latin alba, fem. of albus "white" (see alb).
aubain (n.) Look up aubain at
1727, from French aubaine (12c.), which is of unknown origin, perhaps from Medieval Latin Albanus, but the sense is obscure. Klein suggests Frankish *alibanus, literally "belonging to another ban." A right of French kings, whereby they claimed the property of every non-naturalized stranger who died in their realm. Abolished 1819.
aubergine (n.) Look up aubergine at
"eggplant," 1794, from French aubergine, "fruit of the eggplant" (Solanum esculentum), diminutive of auberge "a kind of peach," variant of alberge, from Spanish alberchigo "apricot" [OED]. Klein derives the French word from Catalan alberginera, from Arabic al-badinjan "the eggplant," from Persian badin-gan, from Sanskrit vatigagama. As a color like that of the eggplant fruit, it is attested from 1895.
Aubrey Look up Aubrey at
masc. personal name, from Old French Auberi, from Old High German Alberich "ruler of elves," or *Alb(e)rada "elf-counsel" (fem.). In U.S., it began to be used as a girl's name c. 1973 and was among the top 100 given names for girls born 2006-2008, eclipsing its use for boys, which faded in proportion.
auburn (n.) Look up auburn at
early 15c., from Old French auborne, from Medieval Latin alburnus "off-white, whitish," from Latin albus "white" (see alb). It came to English meaning "yellowish-white, flaxen," but shifted 16c. to "reddish-brown" under influence of Middle English brun "brown," which also changed the spelling.
auction (n.) Look up auction at
"a sale by increase of bids," 1590s, from Latin auctionem (nominative auctio) "an increasing sale, auction, public sale," noun of action from past participle stem of augere "to increase," from PIE root *aug- (1) "to increase" (see augment). In northern England and Scotland, called a roup. In the U.S., something is sold at auction; in England, by auction.
auction (v.) Look up auction at
1807, from auction (n.). Related: Auctioned; auctioning.
auctioneer Look up auctioneer at
1708 as a noun; 1733 as a verb; see auction + -eer.
audacious (adj.) Look up audacious at
1540s, "confident, intrepid," from Middle French audacieux, from audace "boldness," from Latin audacia "daring, boldness, courage," from audax "brave, bold, daring," but more often "bold" in a bad sense, "audacious, rash, foolhardy," from audere "to dare, be bold." Bad sense of "shameless" is attested from 1590s in English. Related: Audaciously.
audacity (n.) Look up audacity at
mid-15c., from Medieval Latin audacitas "boldness," from Latin audacis genitive of audax (see audacious).
audible (adj.) Look up audible at
1520s, from Middle French audible and directly from Late Latin audibilis, from Latin audire "to hear" (see audience). Related: Audibly.
audience (n.) Look up audience at
late 14c., "the action of hearing," from Old French audience, from Latin audentia "a hearing, listening," from audientum (nominative audiens), present participle of audire "to hear," from PIE compound *au-dh- "to perceive physically, grasp," from root *au- "to perceive" (source also of Greek aisthanesthai "to feel;" Sanskrit avih, Avestan avish "openly, evidently;" Old Church Slavonic javiti "to reveal"). Meaning "formal hearing or reception" is from late 14c.; that of "persons within hearing range, assembly of listeners" is from early 15c. (French audience retains only the older senses). Sense transferred 1855 to "readers of a book." Audience-participation (adj.) first recorded 1940.
audio (n.) Look up audio at
"sound," especially recorded or transmitted, 1934, abstracted from prefix audio- (in audio-frequency, 1919, etc.), from Latin audire "hear" (see audience).
audio- Look up audio- at
word-forming element meaning "sound, hearing," from comb. form of Latin audire "to hear" (see audience); first used in English as a word-formation element 1913.
audiology (n.) Look up audiology at
science of hearing and treatment of deafness, 1946, from audio- + -ology. Related: Audiologist.
audiophile (n.) Look up audiophile at
1951, originally in "High Fidelity" magazine, from audio- + -phile.
audiotape (n.) Look up audiotape at
1957, from audio- + tape (n.).
audiovisual (adj.) Look up audiovisual at
also audio-visual, 1937, from audio- + visual.
audit (n.) Look up audit at
early 15c., from Latin auditus "a hearing," past participle of audire "hear" (see audience). Official examination of accounts, which originally was an oral procedure.
audit (v.) Look up audit at
mid-15c., from audit (n.). Related: Audited; auditing.
audition (n.) Look up audition at
1590s, "power of hearing," from Middle French audicion "hearing (in a court of law)," from Latin auditionem (nominative auditio) "a hearing, listening to," noun of action from past participle stem of audire "hear" (see audience). Meaning "trial for a performer" first recorded 1881.
audition (v.) Look up audition at
"to try out for a performance part," 1935, from audition (n.). Transitive sense by 1944. Related: Auditioned; auditioning.
auditor (n.) Look up auditor at
early 14c., "official who receives and examines accounts;" late 14c., "a listener," from Anglo-French auditour (Old French oieor "listener, court clerk," 13c.; Modern French auditeur), from Latin auditor "a hearer," from auditus, past participle of audire "to hear" (see audience). Meaning "receiver and examiner of accounts" is because this process formerly was done, and vouched for, orally.
auditorium (n.) Look up auditorium at
1727, from Latin auditorium "lecture room," literally "place where something is heard," noun use of neuter of auditorius (adj.) "of or for hearing," from auditus, past participle of audire "to hear" (see audience); also see -ory. Earlier in English in the same sense was auditory (late 14c.).
auditory (adj.) Look up auditory at
1570s, from Latin auditorius "pertaining to hearing," from auditor "hearer" (see auditor).
Audrey Look up Audrey at
fem. proper name, contracted from Etheldreda, a Latinized form of Old English Æðelðryð, literally "noble might," from æðele "noble" (see atheling) + ðryð "strength, might."
Audubon Look up Audubon at
with reference to birds or pictures of them, from U.S. naturalist John James Audubon (1785-1851).
Aufklarung (n.) Look up Aufklarung at
1801, from German Aufklärung (18c.), literally "Enlightenment," from aufklären "to enlighten" (17c.), from auf "up" + klären "to clear," from Latin clarus (see clear (adj.)).